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Extinct vs. Instinct

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Extinctadjective

(dated) Extinguished, no longer alight (of fire, candles etc.)

‘Poor Edward's cigarillo was already extinct.’;

Instinctnoun

A natural or inherent impulse or behaviour.

‘Many animals fear fire by instinct.’;

Extinctadjective

No longer used; obsolete, discontinued.

‘The title became extinct when the last baron died.’; ‘Luckily, such ideas about race are extinct in current sociological theory.’;

Instinctnoun

An intuitive reaction not based on rational conscious thought.

‘an instinct for order; to be modest by instinct’; ‘Debbie's instinct was to distrust John.’;

Extinctadjective

No longer in existence; having died out.

‘The dinosaurs have been extinct for millions of years.’;

Instinctadjective

(archaic) Imbued, charged (with something).

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Extinctadjective

(vulcanology) No longer actively erupting.

‘Most of the volcanos on this island are now extinct.’;

Instinctadjective

Urged or stimulated from within; naturally moved or impelled; imbued; animated; alive; quick; as, birds instinct with life.

‘The chariot of paternal deity . . . Itself instinct with spirit, but convoyedBy four cherubic shapes.’; ‘A noble performance, instinct with sound principle.’;

Extinctverb

(transitive) To make extinct; to extinguish or annihilate.

Instinctnoun

Natural inward impulse; unconscious, involuntary, or unreasoning prompting to any mode of action, whether bodily, or mental, without a distinct apprehension of the end or object to be accomplished.

‘An instinct is a propensity prior to experience, and independent of instructions.’; ‘An instinct is a blind tendency to some mode of action, independent of any consideration, on the part of the agent, of the end to which the action leads.’; ‘An instinct is an agent which performs blindly and ignorantly a work of intelligence and knowledge.’; ‘By a divine instinct, men's minds mistrustEnsuing dangers.’;

Extinctadjective

Extinguished; put out; quenched; as, a fire, a light, or a lamp, is extinct; an extinct volcano.

‘Light, the prime work of God, to me is extinct.’;

Instinctnoun

Specif., the natural, unreasoning, impulse by which an animal is guided to the performance of any action, without thought of improvement in the method.

‘The resemblance between what originally was a habit, and an instinct becomes so close as not to be distinguished.’;

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Extinctadjective

Without a survivor; without force; dead; as, a family becomes extinct; an extinct feud or law.

Instinctnoun

A natural aptitude or knack; a predilection; as, an instinct for order; to be modest by instinct.

Extinctadjective

Once existing as a species but now having no living members; - used of species of living organisms, especially of animals and plants; as, dinosaurs are now extinct; the dodo bird is extinct.

Instinctverb

To impress, as an animating power, or instinct.

Extinctverb

To cause to be extinct.

Instinctnoun

inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli;

‘the spawning instinct in salmon’; ‘altruistic instincts in social animals’;

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Extinctadjective

no longer in existence; lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives;

‘an extinct species of fish’; ‘an extinct royal family’; ‘extinct laws and customs’;

Instinctadjective

(followed by `with')deeply filled or permeated;

‘imbued with the spirit of the Reformation’; ‘words instinct with love’; ‘it is replete with misery’;

Extinctadjective

of e.g. volcanos; permanently inactive;

‘an extinct volcano’; ‘a dormant volcano’;

Instinct

Instinct is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behaviour, containing both innate (inborn) and learned elements. The simplest example of an instinctive behavior is a fixed action pattern (FAP), in which a very short to medium length sequence of actions, without variation, are carried out in response to a corresponding clearly defined stimulus.

Extinctadjective

of a fire; being out or having grown cold;

‘threw his extinct cigarette into the stream’; ‘the fire is out’;

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