Disabled vs. Disable - What's the difference?

Disabled

A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings in different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity (PFC) is a related term that describes an individual's performance level. It gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed. PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty, cognitive disorders or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.The discussion over disability's definition arose out of disability activism in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.

Disable

A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings in different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity (PFC) is a related term that describes an individual's performance level. It gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed. PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty, cognitive disorders or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.The discussion over disability's definition arose out of disability activism in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.

Disabled vs. Disable

Disabled

Table of contents

1. Pronunciation
          2.1. Synonyms
          2.2. Antonyms

Disable

Table of contents

1. Etymology
          3.1. Synonyms
          3.2. Antonyms
          3.3. Derived terms

Disabled

1. Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): [dɪsˈeɪbəɫd]

2. Adjective

disabled (comparative more disabled, superlative most disabled)

  1. Made incapable of use or action.
  2. Having a disability, especially physical.
  3. (law) Legally disqualified.

2.1. Synonyms

  • incapacitated
  • invalid

2.2. Antonyms

  • enabled

3. Noun

disabled (usually uncountable, plural disableds)

  1. One who is disabled. (often used collectively as the disabled, but sometimes also singular)

4. Verb

disabled

  1. simple past tense and past participle of disable

Disable

1. Etymology

dis- +‎ able

2. Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): [dɪsˈeɪbəɫ]
  • Rhymes: -eɪbəl

3. Verb

disable (third-person singular simple present disables, present participle disabling, simple past and past participle disabled)

  1. (transitive) To render unable; to take away an ability of, as by crippling.
  2. (chiefly of a person) To impair the physical or mental abilities of; to cause a serious, permanent injury.
    Falling off the horse disabled him.
  3. (chiefly electronics, computing) To deactivate, to make inoperational (especially of a function of a electronical or mechanical device).
    The pilot had to disable the autopilot of his airplane.

3.1. Synonyms

  • unable (non-standard), see also Thesaurus:disable
  • deactivate

3.2. Antonyms

  • enable

3.3. Derived terms

  • disablement

4. Adjective

disable (comparative more disable, superlative most disable)

  1. (obsolete) Lacking ability; unable.
    • Daniel
      Our disable and unactive force.

5. Anagrams

  • baldies, bidales, diables, labside

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