Disabled vs. Disable - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Disabled

    A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings in different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity (PFC) is a related term that describes an individual's performance level. It gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed. PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty, cognitive disorders or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.The discussion over disability's definition arose out of disability activism in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.

  • Disable

    A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings in different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity (PFC) is a related term that describes an individual's performance level. It gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed. PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty, cognitive disorders or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.The discussion over disability's definition arose out of disability activism in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.

Wiktionary

  • Disabled (adjective)

    Made incapable of use or action.

  • Disabled (adjective)

    Having a disability, especially physical.

  • Disabled (adjective)

    Legally disqualified.

  • Disabled (noun)

    One who is disabled. often used collectively as the disabled, but sometimes also singular

  • Disable (verb)

    To render unable; to take away an ability of, as by crippling.

  • Disable (verb)

    To impair the physical or mental abilities of; to cause a serious, permanent injury.

    "Falling off the horse disabled him."

  • Disable (verb)

    To deactivate, to make inoperational (especially of a function of a electronical or mechanical device).

    "The pilot had to disable the autopilot of his airplane."

  • Disable (adjective)

    Lacking ability; unable.

Webster Dictionary

  • Disabled

    injured so as to be unable to function; as, disabled veterans.

  • Disabled

    unable to function at normal capacity.

  • Disable (adjective)

    Lacking ability; unable.

  • Disable

    To render unable or incapable; to destroy the force, vigor, or power of action of; to deprive of competent physical or intellectual power; to incapacitate; to disqualify; to make incompetent or unfit for service; to impair.

  • Disable

    To deprive of legal right or qualification; to render legally incapable.

  • Disable

    To deprive of that which gives value or estimation; to declare lacking in competency; to disparage; to undervalue.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Disabled (noun)

    people who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped;

    "technology to help the elderly and the disabled"

  • Disabled (adjective)

    incapacitated by injury or illness

  • Disabled (adjective)

    so badly injured as to be unable to continue;

    "disabled veterans"

  • Disable (verb)

    make unable to perform a certain action;

    "disable this command on your computer"

  • Disable (verb)

    injure permanently;

    "He was disabled in a car accident"

Illustrations

Disabled

Disable

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