Close vs. Closed - What's the difference?

Wiktionary

  • Close (verb)

    To remove a gap.

  • Close (verb)

    To obstruct (an opening).

  • Close (verb)

    To move so that an opening is closed.

    "Close the door behind you when you leave."

    "Jim was listening to headphones with his eyes closed."

  • Close (verb)

    To make (e.g. a gap) smaller.

    "The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader."

    "to close the ranks of an army"

  • Close (verb)

    To finish, to terminate.

  • Close (verb)

    To grapple; to engage in close combat.

  • Close (verb)

    To put an end to; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to consummate.

    "close the session;"

    "to close a bargain;"

    "to close a course of instruction"

  • Close (verb)

    To come to an end.

    "The debate closed at six o'clock."

  • Close (verb)

    To make a sale.

  • Close (verb)

    To make the final outs, usually three, of a game.

    "He has closed the last two games for his team."

  • Close (verb)

    To come or gather around; to enclose; to encompass; to confine.

  • Close (verb)

    To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon.

  • Close (noun)

    An end or conclusion.

    "We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful close."

  • Close (noun)

    The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction.

  • Close (noun)

    A grapple in wrestling.

  • Close (noun)

    The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence.

  • Close (noun)

    A double bar marking the end.

  • Close (noun)

    An enclosed field.

  • Close (noun)

    A street that ends in a dead end.

  • Close (noun)

    A very narrow overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor.

  • Close (noun)

    The common staircase in a tenement.

  • Close (noun)

    A cathedral close.

  • Close (noun)

    The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not enclosed.

  • Close (adjective)

    Closed, shut.

  • Close (adjective)

    Narrow; confined.

    "a close alley; close quarters"

  • Close (adjective)

    At a little distance; near.

    "Is your house close?"

  • Close (adjective)

    Intimate; well-loved.

    "He is a close friend."

  • Close (adjective)

    Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude.

  • Close (adjective)

    Hot, humid, with no wind.

  • Close (adjective)

    Articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate.

  • Close (adjective)

    Strictly confined; carefully guarded.

    "a close prisoner"

  • Close (adjective)

    Out of the way of observation; secluded; secret; hidden.

  • Close (adjective)

    Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced.

    "a close contest"

  • Close (adjective)

    Short.

    "to cut grass or hair close"

  • Close (adjective)

    Dense; solid; compact.

  • Close (adjective)

    Concise; to the point.

    "close reasoning"

  • Close (adjective)

    Difficult to obtain.

    "Money is close."

  • Close (adjective)

    Parsimonious; stingy.

  • Close (adjective)

    Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact.

    "a close translation"

  • Close (adjective)

    Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict.

    "The patient was kept under close observation."

  • Close (adjective)

    Marked, evident.

  • Closed (adjective)

    Sealed, made inaccessible or impassable; not open.

  • Closed (adjective)

    Not operating or conducting trade.

  • Closed (adjective)

    Not public.

    "closed source"

    "a closed committee"

  • Closed (adjective)

    Having an open complement.

  • Closed (adjective)

    Such that its image under the specified operation is contained in it.

    "The set of integers is closed under addition: \forall x,y\in\mathbb{Z}\,x+y\in\mathbb{Z}."

  • Closed (adjective)

    Lacking a free variable.

  • Closed (adjective)

    Whose first and last vertices are the same, forming a closed loop.

  • Closed (verb)

    simple past tense and past participle of close

Oxford Dictionary

  • Close (adjective)

    only a short distance away or apart in space or time

    "her birthday and mine were close together"

    "the hotel is close to the sea"

    "why don't we go straight to the shops, as we're so close?"

  • Close (adjective)

    with very little or no space in between; dense

    "cloth with a close weave"

    "this work occupies over 1,300 pages of close print"

  • Close (adjective)

    narrowly enclosed

    "animals in close confinement"

  • Close (adjective)

    very near to (being or doing something)

    "on a good day the climate in LA is close to perfection"

    "she was close to tears"

  • Close (adjective)

    (with reference to a competitive situation) involving only a small margin between winner and loser

    "she finished a close second"

    "the race will be a close contest"

  • Close (adjective)

    denoting a family member who is part of a person's immediate family, typically a parent or sibling

    "the family history of cancer in close relatives"

  • Close (adjective)

    on very affectionate or intimate terms

    "they had always been very close, with no secrets at all"

  • Close (adjective)

    (of a connection or resemblance) strong

    "the college has close links with many other institutions"

  • Close (adjective)

    (of observation, examination, etc.) done in a careful and thorough way

    "pay close attention to what your body is telling you about yourself"

  • Close (adjective)

    carefully guarded

    "his whereabouts are a close secret"

  • Close (adjective)

    not willing to give away money or information; secretive

    "you're very close about your work, aren't you?"

  • Close (adjective)

    uncomfortably humid or airless

    "it was very close in the dressing room"

    "a close, hazy day"

  • Close (adjective)

    another term for high (sense 7 of the adjective)

  • Close (adverb)

    very near to someone or something; with very little space between

    "he was holding her close"

    "they stood close to the door"

  • Close (noun)

    a residential street without through access

    "she lives at 12 Goodwood Close"

  • Close (noun)

    the precinct surrounding a cathedral.

  • Close (noun)

    a playing field at certain traditional English public schools.

  • Close (noun)

    an entry from the street to a common stairway or to a court at the back of a building.

  • Close (noun)

    the end of an event or of a period of time or activity

    "the afternoon drew to a close"

    "the seminar was brought to a close with a discussion of future trends"

  • Close (noun)

    the end of a day's trading on a stock market

    "by the close the Dow Jones average was down 13.52 points at 2,759.84"

  • Close (noun)

    the end of a day's play in a cricket match

    "at the close, Lancashire were 129 for 3"

  • Close (noun)

    the conclusion of a phrase; a cadence.

  • Close (noun)

    the shutting of something, especially a door

    "the door jerked to a close behind them"

  • Close (verb)

    move so as to cover an opening

    "she jumped on to the train just as the doors were closing"

    "they had to close the window because of the insects"

    "she closed the door quietly"

    "I kept closing my eyes and nodding off"

  • Close (verb)

    block up (a hole or opening)

    "Stephen closed his ears to the sound"

    "close the hole with a plug of cotton wool"

  • Close (verb)

    bring two parts of (something) together so as to block its opening or bring it into a folded state

    "Rex closed the book"

    "Loretta closed her mouth"

  • Close (verb)

    come into contact with (something) so as to encircle and hold it

    "my fist closed around the weapon"

  • Close (verb)

    make (an electric circuit) continuous

    "this will cause a relay to operate and close the circuit"

  • Close (verb)

    bring or come to an end

    "the concert closed with ‘Silent Night’"

    "the members were thanked for attending and the meeting was closed"

  • Close (verb)

    finish speaking or writing

    "we close with a point about truth"

  • Close (verb)

    bring (a business transaction) to a satisfactory conclusion

    "right now we are trying to close the deal with our sponsors"

  • Close (verb)

    (of a business, organization, or institution) cease to be in operation or accessible to the public, either permanently or at the end of a working day or other period of time

    "a hoax call which closed the city's stations for 4 hours"

    "the factory is to close with the loss of 150 jobs"

  • Close (verb)

    remove all the funds from (a bank or building society account) and cease to use it

    "I went to the bank to close an account held by my daughter"

  • Close (verb)

    make (a file) inaccessible after use, so that it is securely stored until required again

    "a statement is used to close a data file"

  • Close (verb)

    gradually get nearer to someone or something

    "he tried to walk faster, but each time the man closed up on him again"

    "they plotted a large group of aircraft about 130 miles away and closing fast"

  • Closed (adjective)

    not open

    "rooms with closed doors lined the hallway"

    "he sat with his eyes closed"

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of a society or system) not communicating with or influenced by others

    "the perception of the Soviet Union as a closed society had changed"

  • Closed (adjective)

    limited to certain people; not open or available to all

    "the UN Security Council met in closed session"

  • Closed (adjective)

    unwilling to accept new ideas

    "you're facing the situation with a closed mind"

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of a business) having ceased trading, especially for a short period

    "he put the ‘Closed’ sign up on the door"

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of a set) having the property that the result of a specified operation on any element of the set is itself a member of the set.

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of a set) containing all its limit points.

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of a curve or figure) formed from a single unbroken line.

Webster Dictionary

  • Close

    To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, to close the eyes; to close a door.

  • Close

    To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, to close the ranks of an army; - often used with up.

  • Close

    To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction.

  • Close

    To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine.

  • Close (verb)

    To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated.

  • Close (verb)

    To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate closed at six o'clock.

  • Close (verb)

    To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight.

  • Close (noun)

    The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction.

  • Close (noun)

    Conclusion; cessation; ending; end.

  • Close (noun)

    A grapple in wrestling.

  • Close (noun)

    The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence.

  • Close (noun)

    An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; - specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey.

  • Close (noun)

    A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within.

  • Close (noun)

    The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed.

  • Close (adjective)

    Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box.

  • Close (adjective)

    Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters.

  • Close (adjective)

    Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; - said of the air, weather, etc.

  • Close (adjective)

    Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close prisoner.

  • Close (adjective)

    Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden.

  • Close (adjective)

    Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent.

  • Close (adjective)

    Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids.

  • Close (adjective)

    Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning.

  • Close (adjective)

    Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; - often followed by to.

  • Close (adjective)

    Short; as, to cut grass or hair close.

  • Close (adjective)

    Intimate; familiar; confidential.

  • Close (adjective)

    Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote.

  • Close (adjective)

    Difficult to obtain; as, money is close.

  • Close (adjective)

    Parsimonious; stingy.

  • Close (adjective)

    Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, a close translation.

  • Close (adjective)

    Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.

  • Close (adjective)

    Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; - opposed to open.

  • Close (adverb)

    In a close manner.

  • Close (adverb)

    Secretly; darkly.

  • Closed

    having an opening obstructed.

  • Closed

    of a curve or surface: having no end points or boundary curves; of a set: having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set; of an interval: containing both its endpoints.

  • Closed

    Being in a position to obstruct an opening; - especially of doors.

  • Closed

    having skin drawn so as to obstruct the opening; - used of mouth or eyes. Opposite of open.

  • Closed

    requiring union membership; - of a workplace; as, a closed shop.

  • Closed

    closed with shutters.

  • Closed

    hidden from the public; as, a closed ballot.

  • Closed

    not open to the general public; as, a closed meeting.

  • Closed

    unsympathetic; - of a person's attitude.

  • Closed

    surrounded by walls.

  • Closed

    made compact by bending or doubling over; as, a closed map.

  • Closed

    closed or fastened with or as if with buttons.

  • Closed

    not engaged in activity; - of an organization or business establishment.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Close (noun)

    the temporal end; the concluding time;

    "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"

    "the market was up at the finish"

    "they were playing better at the close of the season"

  • Close (noun)

    the last section of a communication;

    "in conclusion I want to say..."

  • Close (noun)

    the concluding part of any performance

  • Close (verb)

    cease to operate or cause to cease operating;

    "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"

    "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."

  • Close (verb)

    complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement;

    "We closed on the house on Friday"

    "They closed the deal on the building"

  • Close (verb)

    move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;

    "Close the door"

    "shut the window"

  • Close (verb)

    bar access to;

    "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"

  • Close (verb)

    finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.);

    "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board"

  • Close (verb)

    draw near;

    "The probe closed with the space station"

  • Close (verb)

    come to a close;

    "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin"

  • Close (verb)

    become closed;

    "The windows closed with a loud bang"

  • Close (verb)

    come together, as if in an embrace;

    "Her arms closed around her long lost relative"

  • Close (verb)

    unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of;

    "close the circuit"

    "close a wound"

  • Close (verb)

    bring together all the elements or parts of;

    "Management closed ranks"

  • Close (verb)

    engage at close quarters;

    "close with the enemy"

  • Close (verb)

    be priced or listed when trading stops;

    "The stock market closed high this Friday"

    "My new stocks closed at $59 last night"

  • Close (verb)

    cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop

  • Close (verb)

    change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact

  • Close (verb)

    fill or stop up;

    "Can you close the cracks with caulking?"

  • Close (verb)

    finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead;

    "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"

  • Close (adjective)

    at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other;

    "close to noon"

    "how close are we to town?"

    "a close formation of ships"

  • Close (adjective)

    close in relevance or relationship;

    "a close family"

    "we are all...in close sympathy with..."

    "close kin"

    "a close resemblance"

  • Close (adjective)

    not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;

    "near neighbors"

    "in the near future"

    "they are near equals"

    "his nearest approach to success"

    "a very near thing"

    "a near hit by the bomb"

    "she was near tears"

    "she was close to tears"

    "had a close call"

  • Close (adjective)

    rigorously attentive; strict and thorough;

    "close supervision"

    "paid close attention"

    "a close study"

    "kept a close watch on expenditures"

  • Close (adjective)

    marked by fidelity to an original;

    "a close translation"

    "a faithful copy of the portrait"

    "a faithful rendering of the observed facts"

  • Close (adjective)

    (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched;

    "a close contest"

    "a close election"

    "a tight game"

  • Close (adjective)

    crowded;

    "close quarters"

  • Close (adjective)

    lacking fresh air;

    "a dusty airless attic"

    "the dreadfully close atmosphere"

    "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"

  • Close (adjective)

    of textiles;

    "a close weave"

    "smooth percale with a very tight weave"

  • Close (adjective)

    strictly confined or guarded;

    "kept under close custody"

  • Close (adjective)

    confined to specific persons;

    "a close secret"

  • Close (adjective)

    fitting closely but comfortably;

    "a close fit"

  • Close (adjective)

    used of hair or haircuts;

    "a close military haircut"

  • Close (adjective)

    giving or spending with reluctance;

    "our cheeseparing administration"

    "very close (or near) with his money"

    "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

  • Close (adjective)

    inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information;

    "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it"

  • Close (adverb)

    near in time or place or relationship;

    "as the wedding day drew near"

    "stood near the door"

    "don't shoot until they come near"

    "getting near to the true explanation"

    "her mother is always near"

    "The end draws nigh"

    "the bullet didn't come close"

    "don't get too close to the fire"

  • Close (adverb)

    in an attentive manner;

    "he remained close on his guard"

  • Closed (adjective)

    not open or affording passage or access;

    "the many closed streets made travel difficult"

    "our neighbors peeped from behind closed curtains"

  • Closed (adjective)

    of a curve or surface; having no end points or boundary curves; of a set; having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set; of an interval; containing both its endpoints

  • Closed (adjective)

    not open;

    "the door slammed shut"

  • Closed (adjective)

    used especially of mouth or eyes;

    "he sat quietly with closed eyes"

    "his eyes were shut against the sunlight"

  • Closed (adjective)

    requiring union membership;

    "a closed shop"

  • Closed (adjective)

    with shutters closed

  • Closed (adjective)

    not open to the general public;

    "a closed meeting"

  • Closed (adjective)

    not having an open mind;

    "a closed mind unreceptive to new ideas"

  • Closed (adjective)

    blocked against entry;

    "a closed porch"

  • Closed (adjective)

    (of the wings of birds and insects) closed together

  • Closed (adjective)

    shut down;

    "the airport is closed because of the weather"

    "the many closed shops and factories made the town look deserted"

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