Clitic vs. Enclitic



(linguistics) A morpheme that functions like a word, but never appears as an independent word, instead being always attached to a following or preceding word (or, in some cases, within a surrounding word).


(linguistics) A clitic that joins with the preceding word phonetically, graphically, or both.

‘The English possessive 's is an enclitic.’;


an unstressed word that normally occurs only in combination with another word, for example 'm in I'm.


(grammar) Affixed phonetically.


In morphology and syntax, a clitic (, backformed from Greek ἐγκλιτικός enklitikós or ) is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase. In this sense, it is syntactically independent but phonologically dependent—always attached to a host.

‘leaning’; ‘enclitic’;


Affixed; subjoined; - said of a word or particle which leans back upon the preceding word so as to become a part of it, and to lose its own independent accent, generally varying also the accent of the preceding word.


A word which is joined to another so closely as to lose its proper accent, as the pronoun thee in prithee (pray thee).

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