Chauvinism vs. Sexist - What's the difference?

Main Difference

The main difference between Chauvinism and Sexist is that the Chauvinism is a exaggerated patriotism and a belligerent belief in national superiority and Sexist is a prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.


  • Chauvinism

    Chauvinism is a form of extreme patriotism and a belief in national superiority and glory. Whereas patriotism and nationalism may represent temperate pride, chauvinism is intemperate. It can be also defined as "an irrational belief in the superiority or dominance of one's own group or people". Moreover, the chauvinist's own people are seen as unique and special while the rest of the people are considered weak or inferior. According to legend, French soldier Nicolas Chauvin was badly wounded in the Napoleonic wars. He received a pension for his injuries but it was not enough to live on. After Napoleon abdicated, Chauvin was a fanatical Bonapartist despite the unpopularity of this view in Bourbon Restoration France. His single-minded blind devotion to his cause, despite neglect by his faction and harassment by its enemies, started the use of the term. Chauvinism has extended from its original use to include fanatical devotion and undue partiality to any group or cause to which one belongs, especially when such partisanship includes prejudice against or hostility toward outsiders or rival groups and persists even in the face of overwhelming opposition. This French quality finds its parallel in the British term jingoism, which has retained the meaning of chauvinism strictly in its original sense; that is, an attitude of belligerent nationalism. In modern English, the word has come to be used in some quarters as shorthand for male chauvinism, a trend reflected in Merriam-Webster's Dictionary, which begins its third example of use of the term chauvinism with "an attitude that the members of your own sex are always better than those of the opposite sex".

  • Sexist

    Sexism or gender discrimination is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender. Sexism can affect either gender, but it is particularly documented as affecting women and girls. It has been linked to stereotypes and gender roles, and may include the belief that one sex or gender is intrinsically superior to another. Extreme sexism may foster sexual harassment, rape, and other forms of sexual violence.


  • Chauvinism (noun)

    Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one's own particular group, cause, or idea.

    "Feminists say that male chauvinism is still prevalent in cultures worldwide."

  • Sexist (noun)

    A person who discriminates on grounds of sex; someone who practises sexism.

  • Sexist (adjective)

    Unfairly discriminatory against one sex in favour of the other.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    exaggerated or aggressive patriotism

    "public opinion was easily moved to chauvinism and nationalism"

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    excessive or prejudiced support for one's own cause, group, or sex

    "we stand together to stamp out chauvinism and bigotry"

Webster Dictionary

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    exaggerated and unreasoning partisanship to any group or cause; - as, male chauvinism, i.e. belief in the superiority of males.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    fanatical patriotism

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    activity indicative of belief in the superiority of men over women

  • Sexist (noun)

    a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women

  • Sexist (adjective)

    discriminatory on the basis of sex (usually said of men's attitude toward women)

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