Cerebrum vs. Cerebellum

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(neuroanatomy) The principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, which is located in the front area of the skull and divided into two hemispheres, left and right, separated by a fissure. In humans it is the largest part of the brain and is responsible for the integration of complex sensory functions and the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity, and the higher mental functions such as consciousness, thought, reason, emotion, and memory.


(neuroanatomy) Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the back of the cerebrum and is formed of two lateral lobes and a median lobe. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture.


The anterior, and in man the larger, division of the brain; the seat of the reasoning faculties and the will. See Brain.


The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See Brain.


anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans


a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans


The cerebrum, telencephalon or endbrain, is the largest part of the brain containing the cerebral cortex (of the two cerebral hemispheres), as well as several subcortical structures, including the hippocampus, basal ganglia, and olfactory bulb. In the human brain, the cerebrum is the uppermost region of the central nervous system.


The cerebellum (Latin for ) is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates. Although usually smaller than the cerebrum, in some animals such as the mormyrid fishes it may be as large as or even larger.

‘little brain’;

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