VS.

Case vs. File

Published:

Casenoun

An actual event, situation, or fact.

‘For a change, in this case, he was telling the truth.’; ‘It is not the case that every unfamiliar phrase is an idiom.’; ‘In case of fire, break glass. [sign on fire extinguisher holder in public space]’;

Filenoun

A collection of papers collated and archived together.

Casenoun

A given condition or state.

Filenoun

A roll or list.

Casenoun

A piece of work, specifically defined within a profession.

‘It was one of the detective's easiest cases.’; ‘Social workers should work on a maximum of forty active cases.’; ‘The doctor told us of an interesting case he had treated that morning.’;

Filenoun

Course of thought; thread of narration.

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Casenoun

(academia) An instance or event as a topic of study.

‘The teaching consists of theory lessons and case studies.’;

Filenoun

(computing) An aggregation of data on a storage device, identified by a name.

‘I'm going to delete these unwanted files to free up some disk space.’;

Casenoun

(legal) A legal proceeding, lawsuit.

Filenoun

A column of people one behind another, whether "single file" or in a large group with many files side by side.

‘The troops marched in Indian file.’;

Casenoun

(grammar) A specific inflection of a word depending on its function in the sentence.

‘The accusative case canonically indicates a direct object.’; ‘Latin has six cases, and remnants of a seventh.’;

Filenoun

(military) A small detachment of soldiers.

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Casenoun

Grammatical cases and their meanings taken either as a topic in general or within a specific language.

‘Jane has been studying case in Caucasian languages.’; ‘Latin is a language that employs case.’;

Filenoun

(chess) one of the eight vertical lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those identified by a letter). The analog horizontal lines are the ranks.

Casenoun

(medicine) An instance of a specific condition or set of symptoms.

‘There were another five cases reported overnight.’;

Filenoun

A hand tool consisting of a handle to which a block of coarse metal is attached, and used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.

Casenoun

(programming) A section of code representing one of the actions of a conditional switch.

Filenoun

A cunning or resourceful person.

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Casenoun

A box that contains or can contain a number of identical items of manufacture.

Fileverb

(transitive) To commit (official papers) to some office.

Casenoun

A box, sheath, or covering generally.

‘a case for spectacles; the case of a watch’;

Fileverb

(transitive) To place in an archive in a logical place and order

Casenoun

A piece of luggage that can be used to transport an apparatus such as a sewing machine.

Fileverb

(transitive) To store a file aggregation of data on a storage medium such as a disc or another computer.

Casenoun

An enclosing frame or casing.

‘a door case; a window case’;

Fileverb

To submit a formal request to some office.

‘She filed for divorce the next day.’; ‘The company filed for bankruptcy when the office opened on Monday.’; ‘''They filed for a refund under their warranty.’;

Casenoun

A suitcase.

Fileverb

To set in order; to arrange, or lay away.

Casenoun

A piece of furniture, constructed partially of transparent glass or plastic, within which items can be displayed.

Fileverb

(intransitive) To move in a file.

‘The applicants kept filing into the room until it was full.’;

Casenoun

The outer covering or framework of a piece of apparatus such as a computer.

Fileverb

(transitive) To smooth, grind, or cut with a file.

‘I'd better file the bottoms of the table legs. Otherwise they will scratch the flooring.’;

Casenoun

A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type, traditionally arranged in sets of two, the "upper case" (containing capitals, small capitals, accented) and "lower case" (small letters, figures, punctuation marks, quadrats, and spaces).

Fileverb

(archaic) to defile

Casenoun

The nature of a piece of alphabetic type, whether a “capital” (upper case) or “small” (lower case) letter.

Fileverb

to corrupt

Casenoun

(poker slang) Four of a kind.

Filenoun

An orderly succession; a line; a row

Casenoun

(US) A unit of liquid measure used to measure sales in the beverage industry, equivalent to 192 fluid ounces.

Filenoun

An orderly collection of papers, arranged in sequence or classified for preservation and reference; as, files of letters or of newspapers; this mail brings English files to the 15th instant.

‘It is upon a file with the duke's other letters.’;

Casenoun

(mining) A small fissure which admits water into the workings.

Filenoun

Course of thought; thread of narration.

‘Let me resume the file of my narration.’;

Casenoun

A thin layer of harder metal on the surface of an object whose deeper metal is allowed to remain soft.

Filenoun

A roll or list.

Caseverb

(obsolete) To propose hypothetical cases.

Filenoun

a collection of data on a digital recording medium treated as a unit for the purpose of recording, reading, storage, or indexing; - such a file is typically accessible by computer programs by the use of a file name. The data may be of any type codable digitally, such as simple ASCII-coded text, complex binary-coded data, or an executable program, or may be itself a collection of other files.

Caseverb

(transitive) To place (an item or items of manufacture) into a box, as in preparation for shipment.

Filenoun

A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or teeth, made by indentation with a chisel, used for abrading or smoothing other substances, as metals, wood, etc.

Caseverb

(transitive) To cover or protect with, or as if with, a case; to enclose.

Filenoun

Anything employed to smooth, polish, or rasp, literally or figuratively.

‘Mock the nice touches of the critic's file.’;

Caseverb

To survey (a building or other location) surreptitiously, as in preparation for a robbery.

Filenoun

A shrewd or artful person.

‘Will is an old file in spite of his smooth face.’;

Caseadjective

(poker slang) The last remaining card of a particular rank.

‘He drew the case eight!’;

Fileverb

To set in order; to arrange, or lay away, esp. as papers in a methodical manner for preservation and reverence; to place on file; to insert in its proper place in an arranged body of papers.

‘I would have my several courses and my dishes well filed.’;

Casenoun

A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods; a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the case (capsule) of a cartridge; a case (cover) for a book.

Fileverb

To bring before a court or legislative body by presenting proper papers in a regular way; as, to file a petition or bill.

Casenoun

A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box; as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.

Fileverb

To put upon the files or among the records of a court; to note on (a paper) the fact date of its reception in court.

‘To file a paper, on the part of a party, is to place it in the official custody of the clerk. To file, on the part of the clerk, is to indorse upon the paper the date of its reception, and retain it in his office, subject to inspection by whomsoever it may concern.’;

Casenoun

A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type.

Fileverb

To march in a file or line, as soldiers, not abreast, but one after another; - generally with off.

‘My endeavorsHave ever come too short of my desires,Yet filed with my abilities.’;

Casenoun

An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window case.

Fileverb

To rub, smooth, or cut away, with a file; to sharpen with a file; as, to file a saw or a tooth.

Casenoun

A small fissure which admits water to the workings.

Fileverb

To smooth or polish as with a file.

‘File your tongue to a little more courtesy.’;

Casenoun

Chance; accident; hap; opportunity.

‘By aventure, or sort, or cas.’;

Fileverb

To make foul; to defile.

‘All his hairy breast with blood was filed.’; ‘For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind.’;

Casenoun

That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes.

‘In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge.’; ‘If the case of the man be so with his wife.’; ‘And when a lady's in the caseYou know all other things give place.’; ‘You think this madness but a common case.’; ‘I am in case to justle a constable,’;

Filenoun

a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

Casenoun

A patient under treatment; an instance of sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the history of a disease or injury.

‘A proper remedy in hypochondriacal cases.’;

Filenoun

a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

Casenoun

The matters of fact or conditions involved in a suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit or action at law; a cause.

‘Let us consider the reason of the case, for nothing is law that is not reason.’; ‘Not one case in the reports of our courts.’;

Filenoun

office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

Casenoun

One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun sustains to some other word.

‘Case is properly a falling off from the nominative or first state of word; the name for which, however, is now, by extension of its signification, applied also to the nominative.’;

Filenoun

a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Caseverb

To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose.

‘The man who, cased in steel, had passed whole days and nights in the saddle.’;

Fileverb

record in a public office or in a court of law;

‘file for divorce’; ‘file a complaint’;

Caseverb

To strip the skin from; as, to case a box.

Fileverb

smooth with a file;

‘file one's fingernails’;

Caseverb

To propose hypothetical cases.

Fileverb

proceed in line;

‘The students filed into the classroom’;

Casenoun

a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;

‘the family brought suit against the landlord’;

Fileverb

file a formal charge against;

‘The suspect was charged with murdering his wife’;

Casenoun

an occurrence of something;

‘it was a case of bad judgment’; ‘another instance occurred yesterday’; ‘but there is always the famous example of the Smiths’;

Fileverb

place in a container for keeping records;

‘File these bills, please’;

Casenoun

a special set of circumstances;

‘in that event, the first possibility is excluded’; ‘it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled’;

Casenoun

a problem requiring investigation;

‘Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir’;

Casenoun

the actual state of things;

‘that was not the case’;

Casenoun

a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument;

‘he stated his case clearly’;

Casenoun

a portable container for carrying several objects;

‘the musicians left their instrument cases backstage’;

Casenoun

a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;

‘the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly’; ‘the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities’;

Casenoun

a person requiring professional services;

‘a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor’;

Casenoun

the quantity contained in a case

Casenoun

a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home

Casenoun

a specific state of mind that is temporary;

‘a case of the jitters’;

Casenoun

nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence

Casenoun

the housing or outer covering of something;

‘the clock has a walnut case’;

Casenoun

a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);

‘a real character’; ‘a strange character’; ‘a friendly eccentric’; ‘the capable type’; ‘a mental case’;

Casenoun

an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part

Casenoun

the enclosing frame around a door or window opening;

‘the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced’;

Casenoun

bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow;

‘the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase’;

Caseverb

look over, usually with the intention to rob;

‘They men cased the housed’;

Caseverb

enclose in, or as if in, a case;

‘my feet were encased in mud’;

Casenoun

an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring

‘a case of mistaken identity’; ‘in many cases farmers do have a deep feeling for their land’;

Casenoun

the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing

‘I'll make an exception in your case’;

Casenoun

an incident or set of circumstances under official investigation by the police

‘a murder case’;

Casenoun

an instance of a disease, injury, or problem

‘200,000 cases of hepatitis B’;

Casenoun

a person or their particular problem requiring or receiving medical or welfare attention

‘urgent cases were turned away from the hospital’; ‘the local social services discussed Gemma's case’; ‘most breast cancer cases were older women’;

Casenoun

a person whose situation is regarded as pitiable or as having no chance of improvement

‘Vicky was a very sad case’;

Casenoun

an amusing or eccentric person.

Casenoun

a legal action, especially one to be decided in a court of law

‘a libel case’; ‘a former employee brought the case against the council’;

Casenoun

a set of facts or arguments supporting one side in a legal case

‘the case for the defence’;

Casenoun

a set of facts or arguments supporting one side of a debate or controversy

‘the case against tobacco advertising’;

Casenoun

an agreed summary of the facts relating to a legal case, drawn up for review or decision on a point of law by a higher court.

Casenoun

any of the forms of a noun, adjective, or pronoun that express the semantic relation of the word to other words in the sentence

‘the accusative case’;

Casenoun

a container designed to hold or protect something

‘a silver cigarette case’;

Casenoun

the outer protective covering of a natural or manufactured object

‘a seed case’;

Casenoun

an item of luggage; a suitcase.

Casenoun

a box containing twelve bottles of wine or other drink, sold as a unit

‘a case of champagne’;

Casenoun

each of the two forms, capital or minuscule, in which a letter of the alphabet may be written or printed.

Caseverb

surround in a material or substance

‘the towers are of steel cased in granite’;

Caseverb

enclose in a protective container

‘he cased his glasses carefully and walked out’;

Caseverb

reconnoitre (a place) before carrying out a robbery

‘I was casing the joint’;

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