Camphor vs. Mothball - What's the difference?

Main Difference

The main difference between Camphor and Mothball is that the Camphor is a group of stereoisomers and Mothball is a mothballs.

Wikipedia

  • Camphor

    Camphor () is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma. It is a terpenoid with the chemical formula C10H16O. It is found in the wood of the camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora), a large evergreen tree found in Asia (particularly in Sumatra and Borneo islands, Indonesia) and also of the unrelated kapur tree, a tall timber tree from the same region. It also occurs in some other related trees in the laurel family, notably Ocotea usambarensis. The oil in rosemary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis), in the mint family, contains 10 to 20% camphor, while camphorweed (Heterotheca) only contains some 5%. Camphor can also be synthetically produced from oil of turpentine. It is used for its scent, as an ingredient in cooking (mainly in India), as an embalming fluid, for medicinal purposes, and in religious ceremonies. A major source of camphor in Asia is camphor basil (the parent of African blue basil). The molecule has two possible enantiomers as shown in the structural diagrams. The structure on the left is the naturally occurring (R)-form, while its mirror image shown on the right is the (S)-form.

  • Mothball

    Mothballs are small balls of chemical pesticide and deodorant, sometimes used when storing clothing and other articles susceptible to damage from mold or moth larvae (especially clothes moths like Tineola bisselliella). Use of mothballs when clothing is stored out of season has given rise to the colloquial usage of the terms "mothballed" and "put into mothballs", to refer to anything which is put into storage or whose operation is suspended.

Wiktionary

  • Camphor (noun)

    A white transparent waxy crystalline isoprenoid ketone, 1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, with a strong pungent odour, used in pharmacy.

  • Mothball (noun)

    a small ball of chemical pesticide and deodorant placed in or around clothing and other articles susceptible to damage from mold or moth larvae in order to protect them from this damage; mothballs have either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene as their active ingredient.

  • Mothball (verb)

    To store or shelve (something no longer used).

    "They mothballed the old version after the new one came out."

  • Mothball (verb)

    To stop using (something), but keep it in good condition.

Webster Dictionary

  • Camphor (noun)

    A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphora of Linnæus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.

  • Camphor (noun)

    originally, a gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops aromatica formerly Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; now applied to its main constituent, a terpene alcohol obtainable as a white solid C10H18O, called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, Malayan camphor, camphor of Borneo, Sumatra camphor, bornyl alcohol, camphol, and borneol. The isomer from Dryobalanops is dextrorotatory; the levoratatory form is obtainable from other species of plants, and the racemic mixture may be obtained by reduction of camphor. It is used in perfumery, and for manufacture of its esters. See Borneol.

  • Camphor

    To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate.

  • Mothball (noun)

    A small sphere of camphor or naphthalene used to keep moths away from stored clothing.

  • Mothball

    To put into long-term storage; as, to mothball the battleships not needed after the war.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Camphor (noun)

    a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment

  • Mothball (noun)

    a small sphere of camphor or naphthalene used to keep moths away from stored clothing

  • Mothball (verb)

    put into long-term storage

Illustrations

Camphor

Mothball

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