Bruise vs. Welt - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Bruise

    A contusion, commonly known as a bruise, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues. The bruise then remains visible until the blood is either absorbed by tissues or cleared by immune system action. Bruises, which do not blanch under pressure, can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Bruises are not to be confused with other similar-looking lesions primarily distinguished by their diameter or causation. These lesions include petechia (< 3 mm result from numerous and diverse etiologies such as adverse reactions from medications such as warfarin, straining, asphyxiation, platelet disorders and diseases such as cytomegalovirus), purpura (3 mm to 1 cm, classified as palpable purpura or non-palpable purpura and indicates various pathologic conditions such as thrombocytopenia), and ecchymosis (>1 cm caused by blood dissecting through tissue planes and settled in an area remote from the site of trauma or pathology such as periorbital ecchymosis, e.g.,"raccoon eyes", arising from a basilar skull fracture or from a neuroblastoma). As a type of hematoma, a bruise is always caused by internal bleeding into the interstitial tissues which does not break through the skin, usually initiated by blunt trauma, which causes damage through physical compression and deceleration forces. Trauma sufficient to cause bruising can occur from a wide variety of situations including accidents, falls, and surgeries. Disease states such as insufficient or malfunctioning platelets, other coagulation deficiencies, or vascular disorders, such as venous blockage associated with severe allergies can lead to the formation of purpura which is not to be confused with trauma-related bruising/contusion. If the trauma is sufficient to break the skin and allow blood to escape the interstitial tissues, the injury is not a bruise but instead a different variety of hemorrhage called bleeding. However, such injuries may be accompanied by bruising elsewhere. Bruises often induce pain, but small bruises are not normally dangerous alone. Sometimes bruises can be serious, leading to other more life-threatening forms of hematoma, such as when associated with serious injuries, including fractures and more severe internal bleeding. The likelihood and severity of bruising depends on many factors, including type and healthiness of affected tissues. Minor bruises may be easily recognized in people with light skin color by characteristic blue or purple appearance (idiomatically described as "black and blue") in the days following the injury.

Wiktionary

  • Bruise (verb)

    To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.

  • Bruise (verb)

    To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.

  • Bruise (verb)

    Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.

    "Bananas bruise easily."

  • Bruise (verb)

    To become bruised.

    "I bruise easily."

  • Bruise (verb)

    To fight with the fists; to box.

  • Bruise (noun)

    A capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.

  • Bruise (noun)

    A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.

  • Welt (verb)

    To roll; revolve

  • Welt (verb)

    To cause to have welts, to beat.

  • Welt (verb)

    To install welt (a welt or welts) to reinforce.

  • Welt (noun)

    A raised mark on the body caused by a blow; a wheal or weal.

  • Welt (noun)

    A strip of leather set into the seam between the outsole of a shoe and the upper, through which these parts are joined by stitching or stapling.

  • Welt (noun)

    A strip of material or covered cord applied to a seam or garment edge to strengthen or cover it.

  • Welt (noun)

    In steam boilers and sheet-iron work, a strip riveted upon the edges of plates that form a butt joint.

  • Welt (noun)

    In carpentry, a strip of wood fastened over a flush seam or joint, or an angle, to strengthen it.

  • Welt (noun)

    In machine-made stockings, a strip, or flap, of which the heel is formed.

  • Welt (noun)

    A narrow border, as of an ordinary, but not extending around the ends.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Bruise (noun)

    an injury appearing as an area of discoloured skin on the body, caused by a blow or impact rupturing underlying blood vessels

    "his body was a mass of bruises after he had been attacked"

  • Bruise (noun)

    a mark indicating damage on a fruit, vegetable, or plant.

  • Bruise (verb)

    inflict a bruise on (someone or something)

    "a bruised knee"

  • Bruise (verb)

    be susceptible to bruising

    "potatoes bruise easily, so treat them with care"

  • Bruise (verb)

    hurt (someone's feelings)

    "she tried to bolster her bruised pride"

  • Bruise (verb)

    crush or pound (food)

    "the mix contains bruised oats"

  • Welt (noun)

    a leather rim sewn round the edge of a shoe upper to which the sole is attached.

  • Welt (noun)

    a ribbed, reinforced, or decorative border of a garment or pocket.

  • Welt (noun)

    a red, raised mark or scar; a weal.

  • Welt (noun)

    a heavy blow

    "let me give it a welt with my hammer"

  • Welt (verb)

    provide with a welt.

  • Welt (verb)

    strike (someone or something) hard and heavily

    "I could have welted him"

  • Welt (verb)

    develop a raised scar or weal

    "his lip was beginning to thicken and welt from the blow"

Webster Dictionary

  • Bruise

    To injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall.

  • Bruise

    To break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush.

  • Bruise (verb)

    To fight with the fists; to box.

  • Bruise (noun)

    An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit.

  • Welt (noun)

    That which, being sewed or otherwise fastened to an edge or border, serves to guard, strengthen, or adorn it

  • Welt (noun)

    A narrow border, as of an ordinary, but not extending around the ends.

  • Welt (noun)

    A raised ridge on the surface of the skin, produced by a blow, as from a stick or whip; a wale; a weal; as, to raise welts on the back with a whip.

  • Welt (noun)

    A blow that produces a welt{3}.

  • Welt

    To furnish with a welt; to sew or fasten a welt on; as, to welt a boot or a shoe; to welt a sleeve.

  • Welt

    To wilt.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Bruise (noun)

    an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

  • Bruise (verb)

    injure the underlying soft tissue of bone of;

    "I bruised my knee"

  • Bruise (verb)

    hurt the feelings of;

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"

    "This remark really bruised me ego"

  • Bruise (verb)

    break up into small pieces for food preparation;

    "bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"

  • Bruise (verb)

    damage (plant tissue) by abrasion of pressure;

    "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"

  • Welt (noun)

    a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions

  • Welt (noun)

    a raised or strengthened seam

  • Welt (verb)

    beat severely with a whip or rod;

    "The teacher often flogged the students"

    "The children were severely trounced"

  • Welt (verb)

    put a welt on;

    "welt the shoes"

Illustrations

Popular Comparisons
Recently Compared