VS.

Brief vs. Short

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Briefadjective

Of short duration; happening quickly.

‘Her reign was brief but spectacular.’;

Shortadjective

Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.

Briefadjective

Concise; taking few words.

‘His speech of acceptance was brief but moving.’;

Shortadjective

(of a person) Of comparatively little height.

Briefadjective

Occupying a small distance, area or spatial extent; short.

‘Her skirt was extremely brief but doubtless cool.’;

Shortadjective

Having little duration; opposite of long.

‘Our meeting was a short six minutes today. Every day for the past month it's been at least twenty minutes long.’;

Briefadjective

(obsolete) Rife; common; prevalent.

Shortadjective

(followed by for) Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).

‘“Phone” is short for “telephone” and "asap" short for "as soon as possible".’;

Briefnoun

(legal) A writ summoning one to answer to any action.

Shortadjective

that is relatively close to the batsman.

Briefnoun

(legal) An answer to any action.

Shortadjective

that bounced relatively far from the batsman.

Briefnoun

(legal) A memorandum of points of fact or of law for use in conducting a case.

Shortadjective

that falls short of the green or the hole.

Briefnoun

A position of interest or advocacy.

Shortadjective

(of pastries and metals) Brittle, crumbly, especially due to the use of too much shortening. See shortbread, shortcake, shortcrust.

Briefnoun

(legal) An attorney's legal argument in written form for submission to a court.

Shortadjective

Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant.

‘He gave a short answer to the question.’;

Briefnoun

(English law) The material relevant to a case, delivered by a solicitor to the barrister who tries the case.

Shortadjective

Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty.

‘a short supply of provisions’;

Briefnoun

A short news story or report.

Shortadjective

Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking.

‘to be short of money’; ‘The cashier came up short ten dollars on his morning shift.’;

Briefnoun

undershorts briefs.

‘I wear boxers under trousers but for sports I usually wear a brief.’;

Shortadjective

Deficient; less; not coming up to a measure or standard.

‘an account which is short of the truth’;

Briefnoun

(obsolete) A summary, précis or epitome; an abridgement or abstract.

Shortadjective

(obsolete) Not distant in time; near at hand.

Briefnoun

A letter patent, from proper authority, authorizing a collection or charitable contribution of money in churches, for any public or private purpose.

Shortadjective

Being in a financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.

‘I'm short General Motors because I think their sales are plunging.’;

Briefnoun

(slang) A ticket of any type.

Shortadverb

Abruptly, curtly, briefly.

‘They had to stop short to avoid hitting the dog in the street.’; ‘He cut me short repeatedly in the meeting.’; ‘The boss got a message and cut the meeting short.’;

Briefverb

(transitive) To summarize a recent development to some person with decision-making power.

‘The U.S. president was briefed on the military coup and its implications on African stability.’;

Shortadverb

Unawares.

‘The recent developments at work caught them short.’;

Briefverb

To write a legal argument and submit it to a court.

Shortadverb

Without achieving a goal or requirement.

‘His speech fell short of what was expected.’;

Briefadverb

Briefly.

Shortadverb

Relatively far from the batsman and hence bouncing higher than normal; opposite of full.

Briefadverb

Soon; quickly.

Shortadverb

(finance) With a negative ownership position.

‘We went short most finance companies in July.’;

Briefadjective

Short in duration.

‘How brief the life of man.’;

Shortnoun

A short circuit.

Briefadjective

Concise; terse; succinct.

‘The brief style is that which expresseth much in little.’;

Shortnoun

A short film.

Briefadjective

Rife; common; prevalent.

Shortnoun

Used to indicate a short-length version of a size

‘38 short suits fit me right off the rack.’; ‘Do you have that size in a short.’;

Briefadverb

Briefly.

‘Adam, faltering long, thus answered brief.’;

Shortnoun

(baseball) A shortstop.

‘Jones smashes a grounder between third and short.’;

Briefadverb

Soon; quickly.

Shortnoun

(finance) A short seller.

‘The market decline was terrible, but the shorts were buying champagne.’;

Briefnoun

A short concise writing or letter; a statement in few words.

‘Bear this sealed brief,With winged hastle, to the lord marshal.’; ‘And she told meIn a sweet, verbal brief.’;

Shortnoun

(finance) A short sale.

‘He closed out his short at a modest loss after three months.’;

Briefnoun

An epitome.

‘Each woman is a brief of womankind.’;

Shortnoun

A summary account.

Briefnoun

An abridgment or concise statement of a client's case, made out for the instruction of counsel in a trial at law. This word is applied also to a statement of the heads or points of a law argument.

‘It was not without some reference to it that I perused many a brief.’;

Shortnoun

(phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.

Briefnoun

A writ; a breve. See Breve, n., 2.

Shortnoun

(programming) An integer variable having a smaller range than normal integers; usually two bytes long.

Briefnoun

A writ issuing from the chancery, directed to any judge ordinary, commanding and authorizing that judge to call a jury to inquire into the case, and upon their verdict to pronounce sentence.

Shortverb

(transitive) To cause a short circuit in (something).

Briefnoun

A letter patent, from proper authority, authorizing a collection or charitable contribution of money in churches, for any public or private purpose.

Shortverb

(intransitive) Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.

Briefnoun

a type of men's underpants without legs, fitting tightly and held by an elastic waistband; also called Jockey shorts.

Shortverb

(transitive) To shortchange.

Briefverb

To make an abstract or abridgment of; to shorten; as, to brief pleadings.

Shortverb

(transitive) To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.

‘This is the third time I've caught them shorting us.’;

Briefnoun

a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case

Shortverb

To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.

Briefnoun

a condensed written summary or abstract

Shortverb

(obsolete) To shorten.

Briefverb

give essential information to someone;

‘The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade’;

Shortpreposition

Deficient in.

‘We are short a few men on the second shift.’; ‘He's short common sense.’;

Briefadjective

of short duration or distance;

‘a brief stay in the country’; ‘in a little while’; ‘it's a little way away’;

Shortpreposition

(finance) Having a negative position in.

‘I don't want to be short the market going into the weekend.’;

Briefadjective

concise and succinct;

‘covered the matter in a brief statement’;

Shortadjective

Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.

‘The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it.’;

Briefadjective

(of clothing) very short;

‘an abbreviated swimsuit’; ‘a brief bikini’;

Shortadjective

Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted; as, short breath.

‘The life so short, the craft so long to learn.’; ‘To short absense I could yield.’;

Shortadjective

Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as, a short supply of provisions, or of water.

Shortadjective

Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; - usually with of; as, to be short of money.

‘We shall be short in our provision.’;

Shortadjective

Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the trith.

Shortadjective

Not distant in time; near at hand.

‘Marinell was sore offendedThat his departure thence should be so short.’; ‘He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day.’;

Shortadjective

Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory.

‘Their own short understandings reachNo farther than the present.’;

Shortadjective

Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); - with of.

‘Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse them again to war.’;

Shortadjective

Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short answer to the question.

Shortadjective

Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short pastry.

Shortadjective

Brittle.

Shortadjective

Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock. See The shorts, under Short, n., and To sell short, under Short, adv.

Shortadjective

Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; - opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide to Pronunciation, 22, 30.

Shortnoun

A summary account.

‘The short and the long is, our play is preferred.’;

Shortnoun

The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.

‘The first remove above bran is shorts.’;

Shortnoun

Short, inferior hemp.

Shortnoun

Breeches; shortclothes.

Shortnoun

A short sound, syllable, or vowel.

‘If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and longs in English, as in "bit" and "beat," "not" and "naught," we find that the short vowels are generally wide, the long narrow, besides being generally diphthongic as well. Hence, originally short vowels can be lengthened and yet kept quite distinct from the original longs.’;

Shortadverb

In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly; as, to stop short in one's course; to turn short.

‘He was taken up very short, and adjudged corrigible for such presumptuous language.’;

Shortverb

To shorten.

Shortverb

To fail; to decrease.

Shortnoun

the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed

Shortnoun

accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference

Shortnoun

the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between 2nd and 3rd base

Shortverb

cheat someone by not returning him enough money

Shortverb

create a short-circuit in

Shortadjective

primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration;

‘a short life’; ‘a short flight’; ‘a short holiday’; ‘a short story’; ‘only a few short months’;

Shortadjective

primarily spatial sense; having little length or lacking in length;

‘short skirts’; ‘short hair’; ‘the board was a foot short’; ‘a short toss’;

Shortadjective

low in stature; not tall;

‘his was short and stocky’; ‘short in stature’; ‘a short smokestack’;

Shortadjective

not sufficient to meet a need;

‘an inadequate income’; ‘a poor salary’; ‘money is short’; ‘on short rations’; ‘food is in short supply’; ‘short on experience’;

Shortadjective

not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices;

‘a short sale’; ‘short in cotton’;

Shortadjective

of speech sounds (especially vowels) of relatively short duration (as e.g. the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt')

Shortadjective

containing a large amount of shortening; therefore tender and easy to crumble or break into flakes;

‘shortbread is a short crumbly cookie’; ‘a short flaky pie crust’;

Shortadjective

less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;

‘a light pound’; ‘a scant cup of sugar’; ‘regularly gives short weight’;

Shortadjective

used of syllables that are unaccented or of relatively brief duration

Shortadjective

(of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range;

‘a short memory’;

Shortadjective

lacking foresight or scope;

‘a short view of the problem’; ‘shortsighted policies’; ‘shortsighted critics derided the plan’; ‘myopic thinking’;

Shortadjective

unwilling to endure;

‘she was short with the slower students’;

Shortadjective

quickly aroused to anger;

‘a hotheaded commander’;

Shortadjective

most direct;

‘took the shortest and most direct route to town’;

Shortadjective

marked by rude or peremptory shortness;

‘try to cultivate a less brusque manner’; ‘a curt reply’; ‘the salesgirl was very short with him’;

Shortadverb

quickly and without warning;

‘he stopped suddenly’;

Shortadverb

without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold;

‘he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash’;

Shortadverb

clean across;

‘the car's axle snapped short’;

Shortadverb

at some point or distance before a goal is reached;

‘he fell short of our expectations’;

Shortadverb

so as to interrupt;

‘She took him up short before he could continue’;

Shortadverb

at a disadvantage;

‘I was caught short’;

Shortadverb

tightly;

‘she caught him up short on his lapel’;

Shortadverb

in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner;

‘he told me curtly to get on with it’; ‘he talked short with everyone’; ‘he said shortly that he didn't like it’;

Shortadjective

measuring a small distance from end to end

‘short dark hair’; ‘a short flight of steps’; ‘the bed was too short for him’;

Shortadjective

(of a journey) covering a small distance

‘the hotel is a short walk from the sea’;

Shortadjective

(of a garment or sleeves on a garment) only covering the top part of a person's arms or legs

‘a short skirt’;

Shortadjective

(of a person) small in height

‘he is short and tubby’;

Shortadjective

(of a ball in cricket, a shot in tennis, etc.) travelling only a small distance before bouncing

‘he uses his opportunities to attack every short ball’;

Shortadjective

denoting fielding positions relatively close to the batsman

‘short midwicket’;

Shortadjective

lasting or taking a small amount of time

‘visiting London for a short break’; ‘a short conversation’;

Shortadjective

seeming to last less time than is the case; passing quickly

‘in 10 short years all this changed’;

Shortadjective

(of a person's memory) retaining things for only a small amount of time

‘he has a short memory for past misdeeds’;

Shortadjective

(of stocks or other securities or commodities) sold in advance of being acquired, with reliance on the price falling so that a profit can be made.

Shortadjective

(of a broker, position in the market, etc.) buying or based on short stocks or other securities or commodities.

Shortadjective

denoting or having a relatively early date for the maturing of a bill of exchange.

Shortadjective

relatively small in extent

‘he wrote a short book’; ‘a short speech’;

Shortadjective

not having enough of (something); lacking or deficient in

‘I know you're short on cash’; ‘they were very short of provisions’;

Shortadjective

in insufficient supply

‘food is short’;

Shortadjective

(of a vowel) categorized as short with regard to quality and length (e.g. in standard British English the vowel /ʊ/ in good is short as distinct from the long vowel /uː/ in food).

Shortadjective

(of a vowel or syllable) having the lesser of the two recognized durations.

Shortadjective

(of a person) terse; uncivil

‘he was often sharp and rather short with her’;

Shortadjective

(of odds or a chance) reflecting or representing a high level of probability

‘they have been backed at short odds to win thousands of pounds’;

Shortadjective

(of pastry) containing a high proportion of fat to flour and therefore crumbly.

Shortadjective

(of clay) having poor plasticity.

Shortadverb

(chiefly in sport) at, to, or over a relatively small distance

‘you go deep and you go short’;

Shortadverb

not as far as the point aimed at; not far enough

‘all too often you pitch the ball short’;

Shortnoun

a drink of spirits served in a small measure.

Shortnoun

a short film as opposed to a feature film.

Shortnoun

a short sound such as a short signal in Morse code or a short vowel or syllable

‘her call was two longs and a short’;

Shortnoun

a short circuit.

Shortnoun

a person who sells short.

Shortnoun

short-dated stocks.

Shortnoun

a mixture of bran and coarse flour.

Shortverb

short-circuit or cause to short-circuit

‘the electrical circuit had shorted out’; ‘if the contact terminals are shorted, the battery quickly overheats’;

Shortverb

sell (stocks or other securities or commodities) in advance of acquiring them, with the aim of making a profit when the price falls

‘the rule prevents sellers from shorting a stock unless the last trade resulted in a price increase’;

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