The study of the past by excavation and analysis of its material remains:
(American spelling) Study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, especially as represented by fossils.
the actual excavation, examination, analysis and interpretation.
‘The building's developers have asked for some archaeology to be undertakem.’;
The science which treats of the ancient life of the earth, or of fossils which are the remains of such life.
the actual remains together with their location in the stratigraphy.
‘The archaeology will tell us which methods of burial were used by the Ancient Greeks.’;
the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
the academic subject; in the USA: one of the four sub-disciplines of anthropology.
‘She studied archaeology at Edinburgh University.’;
Paleontology (), also spelled palaeontology or palæontology, is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present). It includes the study of fossils to classify organisms and study their interactions with each other and their environments (their paleoecology).
The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.
the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
Archaeology or archeology is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. Archaeology is often considered a branch of socio-cultural anthropology, but archaeologists also draw from biological, geological, and environmental systems through their study of the past.