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Anthocyanin vs. Anthocyanidin

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Anthocyaninnoun

Any of many water-soluble red to violet plant pigments related to the flavonoids (more noticeable in autumn after the chlorophyll decomposes)

Anthocyanidinnoun

(organic chemistry) An aglycone of an anthocyanin.

Anthocyaninnoun

Same as Anthokyan.

Anthocyanidin

Anthocyanidins are common plant pigments, the sugar-free counterparts of anthocyanins. They are based on the flavylium cation, an oxonium ion, with various groups substituted for its hydrogen atoms.

Anthocyanin

Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἄνθος (anthos) and κυάνεος/κυανοῦς kyaneos/kyanous ) are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, blue, or black. In 1835, the German pharmacist Ludwig Clamor Marquart gave the name Anthokyan to a chemical compound that gives flowers a blue color for the first time in his treatise “Die Farben der Blüthen”.

‘flower’; ‘dark blue’;

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