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Analogy vs. Metaphor

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Analogynoun

A relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation.

Metaphornoun

The use of a word or phrase to refer to something that it is not, invoking a direct similarity between the word or phrase used and the thing described (but in the case of English without the words like or as, which would imply a simile); the word or phrase used in this way; an implied comparison.

Analogynoun

A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.

Metaphornoun

The use of an everyday object or concept to represent an underlying facet of the computer and thus aid users in performing tasks.

‘desktop metaphor; wastebasket metaphor’;

Analogynoun

A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.

Metaphorverb

(intransitive) To use a metaphor.

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Analogynoun

Proportion; equality of ratios.

Metaphorverb

(transitive) To describe by means of a metaphor.

Analogynoun

Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly.

Metaphornoun

The transference of the relation between one set of objects to another set for the purpose of brief explanation; a compressed simile; e. g., the ship plows the sea.

Analogynoun

an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others

Metaphornoun

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

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Analogynoun

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect;

‘the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain’; ‘the models show by analogy how matter is built up’;

Metaphornoun

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable

‘her poetry depends on suggestion and metaphor’; ‘when we speak of gene maps and gene mapping, we use a cartographic metaphor’;

Analogynoun

the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate

Metaphornoun

a thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else

‘the amounts of money being lost by the company were enough to make it a metaphor for an industry that was teetering’;

Analogynoun

a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification

‘he interprets logical functions by analogy with machines’; ‘an analogy between the workings of nature and those of human societies’;

Metaphor

A metaphor is a figure of speech that, for rhetorical effect, directly refers to one thing by mentioning another. It may provide (or obscure) clarity or identify hidden similarities between two different ideas.

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Analogynoun

a correspondence or partial similarity

‘the syndrome is called deep dysgraphia because of its analogy to deep dyslexia’;

Analogynoun

a thing which is comparable to something else in significant respects

‘works of art were seen as an analogy for works of nature’;

Analogynoun

a process of arguing from similarity in known respects to similarity in other respects

‘argument from analogy’;

Analogynoun

a process by which new words and inflections are created on the basis of regularities in the form of existing ones.

Analogynoun

the resemblance of function between organs that have a different evolutionary origin.

Analogy

Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, , from ana- [also , ] + logos [also ]) is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analog, or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, in which at least one of the premises, or the conclusion, is general rather than particular in nature.

‘proportion’; ‘upon, according to’; ‘against’; ‘anew’; ‘ratio’; ‘word, speech, reckoning’;

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