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# Affix vs. Prefix

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## Main Difference

The main difference between Affix and Prefix is that the Affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word and Prefix is a affix which is placed before the stem of a word

• Affix

In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form. Affixes may be derivational, like English -ness and pre-, or inflectional, like English plural -s and past tense -ed. They are bound morphemes by definition; prefixes and suffixes may be separable affixes. Affixation is the linguistic process that speakers use to form different words by adding morphemes at the beginning (prefixation), the middle (infixation) or the end (suffixation) of words.

• Prefix

A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word. Adding it to the beginning of one word changes it into another word. For example, when the prefix un- is added to the word happy, it creates the word unhappy. Particularly in the study of languages, a prefix is also called a preformative, because it alters the form of the words to which it is affixed.

Prefixes, like other affixes, can be either inflectional, creating a new form of the word with the same basic meaning and same lexical category (but playing a different role in the sentence), or derivational, creating a new word with a new semantic meaning and sometimes also a different lexical category. Prefixes, like all other affixes, are usually bound morphemes.In English, there are no inflectional prefixes; English uses suffixes instead for that purpose.

The word prefix is itself made up of the stem fix (meaning "attach", in this case), and the prefix pre- (meaning "before"), both of which are derived from Latin roots.

Wikipedia
• Affix (noun)

That which is affixed; an appendage.

• Affix (noun)

A bound morpheme added to the word’s stem's end.

"suffix|postfix"

• Affix (noun)

A bound morpheme added to a word’s stem; a prefix, suffix{{,}} etc.

"nonaffix"

"prefix|suffix|infix|circumfix|suprafix"

• Affix (noun)

The complex number $a+bi$ associated with the point in the Gauss plane with coordinates $\left(a,b\right)$.

• Affix (noun)

Any small feature, as a figure, a flower, or the like, added for ornament to a vessel or other utensil, to an architectural feature.

• Affix (verb)

To attach.

"join|put together|unite|Thesaurus:join"

"to affix a stigma to a person"

"to affix ridicule or blame to somebody"

• Affix (verb)

To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to.

"to affix a syllable to a word"

"to affix a seal to an instrument"

"to affix one's name to a writing"

• Affix (verb)

To fix or fasten figuratively; with on or upon.

"eyes affixed upon the ground"

• Prefix (noun)

Something placed before another

• Prefix (noun)

A morpheme added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning, for example as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure, re- in reheat, etc.

"foresyllable|q1=rare|prefixum|q2=archaic"

"suffix"

• Prefix (noun)

A set of digits placed before a telephone number, to indicate where the number is based, what type of phone number it is (landline, mobile, toll-free, premium rate etc.)

"in the UK, a number with an 0800 prefix is a toll-free number."

• Prefix (noun)

A title added to a person's name, such as Mr. or Dr.

• Prefix (verb)

To determine beforehand; to set in advance. from 15thc.

• Prefix (verb)

To put or fix before, or at the beginning of something; to place at the start. from 16thc.

Wiktionary
• Affix (verb)

stick, attach, or fasten (something) to something else

"panels to which he affixes copies of fine old prints"

• Affix (verb)

be able to be fixed

"the strings affix to the back of the bridge"

• Affix (noun)

an addition to the base form or stem of a word in order to modify its meaning or create a new word.

Oxford Dictionary
• Affix

To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing.

• Affix

To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.

• Affix

To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one.

• Affix

To fix or fasten figuratively; - with on or upon; as, eyes affixed upon the ground.

• Affix (noun)

That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.

• Prefix

To put or fix before, or at the beginning of, another thing; as, to prefix a syllable to a word, or a condition to an agreement.

• Prefix

To set or appoint beforehand; to settle or establish antecedently.

• Prefix (noun)

That which is prefixed; esp., one or more letters or syllables combined or united with the beginning of a word to modify its signification; as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure.

Webster Dictionary
• Affix (noun)

a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form

• Affix (verb)

attach to;

"affix the seal here"

• Affix (verb)

"He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"

• Affix (verb)

attach or become attached to a stem word;

"grammatical morphemes afix to the stem"

• Prefix (noun)

an affix that added in front of the word

• Prefix (verb)

attach a prefix to;

"prefixed words"

Princeton's WordNet