Accidental vs. Occidental - What's the difference?

Wiktionary

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Not essential; incidental, secondary. from 14th c.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Nonessential to something's inherent nature (especially in Aristotelian thought). from 14th c.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Adjusted by one or two semitones, in temporary departure from the key signature. from 16th c.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Occurring sometimes, by chance; occasional. from 16th c.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; by accident, unintentional. from 16th c.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Being a double point with two distinct tangent planes in 4-dimensional projective space.

  • Accidental (noun)

    A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.

  • Accidental (noun)

    Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.

  • Accidental (noun)

    A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western. from 16th c.

    "occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet."

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of a gem or precious stone: of inferior value or quality. from 18th c.

  • Occidental (noun)

    A Western Christian of the Latin rite

Oxford Dictionary

  • Accidental (adjective)

    happening by chance, unintentionally, or unexpectedly

    "a verdict of accidental death"

    "the damage might have been accidental"

  • Accidental (adjective)

    incidental; subsidiary

    "the location is accidental and contributes nothing to the poem"

  • Accidental (adjective)

    (in Aristotelian thought) relating to or denoting properties which are not essential to a thing's nature.

  • Accidental (noun)

    a sign indicating a momentary departure from the key signature by raising or lowering a note

    "horn parts are usually written without key signature, the necessary accidentals being added"

  • Accidental (noun)

    another term for vagrant

  • Occidental (adjective)

    relating to the countries of the West

    "modern occidental society"

  • Occidental (noun)

    a native or inhabitant of the West

    "he was gently apologetic when confronted by an angry Occidental"

Webster Dictionary

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous; as, an accidental visit.

  • Accidental (adjective)

    Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental; as, are accidental to a play.

  • Accidental (noun)

    A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.

  • Accidental (noun)

    Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.

  • Accidental (noun)

    A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western; - opposed to oriental; as, occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Possessing inferior hardness, brilliancy, or beauty; - used of inferior precious stones and gems, because those found in the Orient are generally superior.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Accidental (noun)

    a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature

  • Accidental (adjective)

    associated by chance and not an integral part;

    "poetry is something to which words are the accidental, not by any means the essential form"

    "they had to decide whether his misconduct was adventitious or the result of a flaw in his character"

  • Accidental (adjective)

    occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;

    "their accidental meeting led to a renewal of their friendship"

    "seek help from casual passers-by"

    "a casual meeting"

    "a chance occurrence"

  • Accidental (adjective)

    without intention (especially resulting from heedless action);

    "with an inadvertent gesture she swept the vase off the table"

    "accidental poisoning"

    "an accidental shooting"

  • Occidental (noun)

    a native inhabitant of the Occident

  • Occidental (noun)

    an artificial language

  • Occidental (adjective)

    denoting or characteristic of countries of Europe and the Western Hemisphere;

    "occidental civilization"

    "Hesperian culture"

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