VS.

Abstract vs. Literal

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Abstractnoun

An abridgement or summary of a longer publication.

Literaladjective

Exactly as stated; read or understood without additional interpretation; according to the letter or verbal expression; real; not figurative or metaphorical.

‘The literal translation is “hands full of bananas” but it means empty-handed.’;

Abstractnoun

Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of a larger item, or multiple items.

Literaladjective

Following the letter or exact words; not free; not taking liberties.

‘A literal reading of the law would prohibit it, but that is clearly not the intent.’;

Abstractnoun

Concentrated essence of a product.

Literaladjective

(uncommon) Consisting of, or expressed by, letters.

‘a literal equation’;

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Abstractnoun

(medicine) A powdered solid extract of a medicinal substance mixed with lactose.

Literaladjective

(of a person) Giving a strict or literal construction; unimaginative; matter-of-fact.

Abstractnoun

An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract.

Literaladjective

(proscribed) Used non-literally as an intensifier; see literally for usage notes.

‘Telemarketers are the literal worst.’;

Abstractnoun

The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form.

Literalnoun

A misprint (or occasionally a scribal error) that affects a letter.

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Abstractnoun

(arts) An abstract work of art.

Literalnoun

(programming) A value, as opposed to an identifier, written into the source code of a computer program.

Abstractnoun

(real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.

Literalnoun

(logic) A propositional variable or the negation of a propositional variable. Wp

Abstractadjective

(obsolete) Derived; extracted.

Literaladjective

According to the letter or verbal expression; real; not figurative or metaphorical; as, the literal meaning of a phrase.

‘It hath but one simple literal sense whose light the owls can not abide.’;

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Abstractadjective

Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate.

Literaladjective

Following the letter or exact words; not free.

‘A middle course between the rigor of literal translations and the liberty of paraphrasts.’;

Abstractadjective

Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object.

Literaladjective

Consisting of, or expressed by, letters.

‘The literal notation of numbers was known to Europeans before the ciphers.’;

Abstractadjective

Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific.

Literaladjective

Giving a strict or literal construction; unimaginative; matter-of-fact; - applied to persons.

Abstractadjective

Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize.

Literalnoun

Literal meaning.

Abstractadjective

(archaic) Absent-minded.

Literalnoun

a mistake in printed matter resulting from mechanical failures of some kind

Abstractadjective

(arts) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them.

Literaladjective

being or reflecting the essential or genuine character of something;

‘her actual motive’; ‘a literal solitude like a desert’; ‘a genuine dilemma’;

Abstractadjective

Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century.

Literaladjective

without interpretation or embellishment;

‘a literal translation of the scene before him’;

Abstractadjective

(music) Absolute.

Literaladjective

limited to the explicit meaning of a word or text;

‘a literal translation’;

Abstractadjective

(dance) Lacking a story.

Literaladjective

lacking stylistic embellishment;

‘a literal description’; ‘wrote good but plain prose’; ‘a plain unadorned account of the coronation’; ‘a forthright unembellished style’;

Abstractadjective

Insufficiently factual.

Literaladjective

of the clearest kind; usually used for emphasis;

‘it's the literal truth’; ‘a matter of investment, pure and simple’;

Abstractadjective

Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.

Literaladjective

(of a translation) corresponding word for word with the original;

‘literal translation of the article’; ‘an awkward word-for-word translation’;

Abstractadjective

(grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.

Abstractadjective

(computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To separate; to disengage.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw.

Abstractverb

To steal; to take away; to remove without permission.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize.

Abstractverb

To extract by means of distillation.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality.

Abstractverb

To withdraw oneself; to retire.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To draw off (interest or attention).

‘He was wholly abstracted by other objects.’;

Abstractverb

To perform the process of abstraction.

Abstractverb

To create abstractions.

Abstractverb

To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".

‘He abstracted out the square root function.’;

Abstractadjective

Withdraw; separate.

‘The more abstract . . . we are from the body.’;

Abstractadjective

Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.

Abstractadjective

Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; - opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.

‘A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression "abstract name" to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes.’;

Abstractadjective

Abstracted; absent in mind.

Abstractverb

To withdraw; to separate; to take away.

‘He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution abstracted from his own prejudices.’;

Abstractverb

To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.

‘The young stranger had been abstracted and silent.’;

Abstractverb

To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute.

Abstractverb

To epitomize; to abridge.

Abstractverb

To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.

‘Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearing-reins from the harness.’;

Abstractverb

To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.

Abstractverb

To perform the process of abstraction.

‘I own myself able to abstract in one sense.’;

Abstractnoun

That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.

‘An abstract of every treatise he had read.’; ‘Man, the abstractOf all perfection, which the workmanshipOf Heaven hath modeled.’;

Abstractnoun

A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.

Abstractnoun

An abstract term.

‘The concretes "father" and "son" have, or might have, the abstracts "paternity" and "filiety."’;

Abstractnoun

A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.

Abstractnoun

a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;

‘he loved her only in the abstract--not in person’;

Abstractnoun

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

Abstractverb

consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically

Abstractverb

make off with belongings of others

Abstractverb

consider apart from a particular case or instance;

‘Let's abstract away from this particular example’;

Abstractverb

give an abstract (of)

Abstractadjective

existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment;

‘abstract words like `truth' and `justice'’;

Abstractadjective

not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature;

‘a large abstract painting’;

Abstractadjective

based on specialized theory;

‘a theoretical analysis’;

Abstractadjective

dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention;

‘abstract reasoning’; ‘abstract science’;

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