VS.

Abrasion vs. Scratch

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Abrasionnoun

The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction.

Scratchverb

To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.

‘Could you please scratch my back?’;

Abrasionnoun

(obsolete) The substance thus rubbed off; debris.

Scratchverb

To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation.

‘I don't like that new scarf because it scratches my neck.’;

Abrasionnoun

(geology) The effect of mechanical erosion of rock, especially a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it.

Scratchverb

For a man, when kissing someone, to irritate the skin of that person with one's unshaven beard.

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Abrasionnoun

An abraded, scraped, or worn area.

Scratchverb

To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving a scratch (noun).

‘A real diamond can easily scratch a pane of glass.’;

Abrasionnoun

(medicine) A superficial wound caused by scraping; an area of skin where the cells on the surface have been scraped or worn away.

Scratchverb

To cross out, strike out, strike through some text on a page.

Abrasionnoun

(dentistry) The wearing away of the surface of the tooth by chewing.

Scratchverb

Hence, to remove, ignore or delete.

‘Scratch what I said earlier; I was wrong.’; ‘When the favorite was scratched from the race, there was a riot at the betting windows.’;

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Abrasionnoun

The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins.

Scratchverb

(music) To produce a distinctive sound on a turntable by moving a vinyl record back and forth while manipulating the crossfader (see also scratching).

Abrasionnoun

The substance rubbed off.

Scratchverb

(billiards) To commit a foul in pool, as where the cue ball is put into a pocket or jumps off the table.

‘Embarrassingly, he scratched on the break, popping the cue completely off the table.’;

Abrasionnoun

A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds.

Scratchverb

To score, not by skillful play but by some fortunate chance of the game.

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Abrasionnoun

an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off

Scratchverb

To write or draw hastily or awkwardly.

Abrasionnoun

erosion by friction

Scratchverb

To dig or excavate with the claws.

‘Some animals scratch holes, in which they burrow.’;

Abrasionnoun

the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice

Scratchverb

To dig or scrape (a person's skin) with claws or fingernails in self-defense or with the intention to injure.

‘The cat scratched the little girl because she was playing with it too hard.’;

Abrasionnoun

the process of scraping or wearing something away

‘the metal is resistant to abrasion’;

Scratchnoun

(countable) A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.

‘I can’t believe there is a scratch in the paint already.’; ‘Her skin was covered with tiny scratches.’;

Abrasionnoun

an area damaged by scraping or wearing away

‘there were cuts and abrasions to the lips and jaw’;

Scratchnoun

An act of scratching the skin to alleviate an itch or irritation.

‘The dog sat up and had a good scratch.’;

Scratchnoun

(sports)

Scratchnoun

A starting line (originally and simply, a line scratched in the ground), as in boxing.

Scratchnoun

A technical error of touching or surpassing the starting mark prior to the official start signal in the sporting events of long jump, discus, hammer throw, shot put, and similar. Originally the starting mark was a scratch on the ground but is now a board or precisely indicated mark.

Scratchnoun

(cycling) The last riders to depart in a handicap race.

Scratchnoun

(billiards) An aberration.

Scratchnoun

(slang) Money.

Scratchnoun

A feed, usually a mixture of a few common grains, given to chickens.

Scratchnoun

(in the plural) Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy.

Scratchnoun

A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head.

Scratchnoun

(music) A genre of Virgin Islander music, better known as fungi.

Scratchadjective

For or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work.

‘This is scratch paper, so go ahead and scribble whatever you want on it.’;

Scratchadjective

Hastily assembled, arranged or constructed, from whatever materials are to hand, with little or no preparation

Scratchadjective

Relating to a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary use.

Scratchadjective

(sports) (of a player) Of a standard high enough to play without a handicap, i.e. to compete without the benefit of a variation in scoring based on ability.

Scratchverb

To rub and tear or mark the surface of with something sharp or ragged; to scrape, roughen, or wound slightly by drawing something pointed or rough across, as the claws, the nails, a pin, or the like.

‘Small sand-colored stones, so hard as to scratch glass.’; ‘Be mindful, when invention fails,To scratch your head, and bite your nails.’;

Scratchverb

To write or draw hastily or awkwardly.

Scratchverb

To cancel by drawing one or more lines through, as the name of a candidate upon a ballot, or of a horse in a list; hence, to erase; to efface; - often with out.

Scratchverb

To dig or excavate with the claws; as, some animals scratch holes, in which they burrow.

Scratchverb

To use the claws or nails in tearing or in digging; to make scratches.

‘Dull, tame things, . . . that will neither bite nor scratch.’;

Scratchverb

To score, not by skillful play but by some fortunate chance of the game.

Scratchnoun

A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision.

‘The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work.’; ‘These nails with scratches deform my breast.’; ‘God forbid a shallow scratch should driveThe prince of Wales from such a field as this.’;

Scratchnoun

A line across the prize ring; up to which boxers are brought when they join fight; hence, test, trial, or proof of courage; as, to bring to the scratch; to come up to the scratch.

Scratchnoun

Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy.

Scratchnoun

A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head.

Scratchnoun

A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke.

Scratchnoun

In various sports, the line from which the start is made, except in the case of contestants receiving a distance handicap.

Scratchadjective

Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards.

Scratchnoun

an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off

Scratchnoun

a depression scratched or carved into a surface

Scratchnoun

informal terms for money

Scratchnoun

dry mash for poultry

Scratchnoun

a harsh noise made by scraping;

‘the scrape of violin bows distracted her’;

Scratchnoun

poor handwriting

Scratchnoun

an indication of damage

Scratchverb

cause friction;

‘my sweater scratches’;

Scratchverb

cut the surface of; wear away the surface of

Scratchverb

scrape or rub as if to relieve itching;

‘Don't scratch your insect bites!’;

Scratchverb

score or mark the surface of (something) with a sharp or pointed object

‘he scratched at a stain on his jacket’; ‘the car's paintwork was battered and scratched’;

Scratchverb

make a long, narrow superficial wound in the skin of

‘her arms were scratched by the thorns’; ‘I scratched myself on the tree’;

Scratchverb

rub (a part of one's body) with one's fingernails to relieve itching

‘Jessica lifted her sunglasses and scratched her nose’;

Scratchverb

make (a mark or hole) by scoring a surface with a sharp or pointed object

‘I found two names scratched on one of the windowpanes’;

Scratchverb

write (something) hurriedly or awkwardly.

Scratchverb

remove (something) from something else by pulling a sharp implement over it

‘he scratched away the plaster’;

Scratchverb

make a rasping or grating noise by scraping something over a hard surface

‘the dog scratched to be let in’;

Scratchverb

(of a bird or mammal, especially a chicken) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food

‘the hens cannot do anything that comes naturally to them, such as scratch around’;

Scratchverb

search for (someone or something that is hard to locate or find)

‘he's still scratching around for a woman to share his life’;

Scratchverb

accomplish (something) with great effort or difficulty

‘Tabitha wondered how long the woman had been scratching a living on the waterways’;

Scratchverb

make a living with difficulty

‘many architects now scratch along doing loft conversions’;

Scratchverb

cancel or strike out (writing) with a pen or pencil

‘the name of Dr McNab was scratched out and that of Dr Dunstaple substituted’;

Scratchverb

withdraw (a competitor) from a competition

‘Jolie's Halo was scratched from a minor stakes race at Monmouth Park’;

Scratchverb

(of a competitor) withdraw from a competition

‘due to a knee injury she was forced to scratch from the race’;

Scratchverb

cancel or abandon (an undertaking or project)

‘banks seem prepared to scratch stabilization charges’;

Scratchverb

play a record using the scratch technique.

‘he raps and scratches simultaneously to dazzling effect’;

Scratchnoun

a mark or wound made by scratching

‘the scratches on her arm were throbbing’;

Scratchnoun

a slight or insignificant wound or injury

‘it's nothing—just a scratch’;

Scratchnoun

an act or spell of scratching oneself to relieve itching

‘he gave his scalp a good scratch’;

Scratchnoun

a rasping or grating noise produced by something rubbing against a hard surface

‘the scratch of a match lighting a cigarette’;

Scratchnoun

a rough hiss, caused by the friction of the stylus in the groove, heard when a record is played.

Scratchnoun

a technique, used especially in rap music, of stopping a record by hand and moving it back and forwards to give a rhythmic scratching effect

‘a scratch mix’;

Scratchnoun

(in sport) the starting point in a race for a competitor that is not given a handicap or advantage

‘a 631-metres handicap, when the excellent stayer, Too Fast, will be off scratch’;

Scratchnoun

a handicap of zero, indicating that a player is good enough to achieve par on a course

‘he plays off scratch in University golf’;

Scratchnoun

money

‘he was working to get some scratch together’;

Scratchadjective

assembled or made from whatever is available, and so unlikely to be of the highest quality

‘City were fielding a scratch squad’;

Scratchadjective

(of a sports competitor or event) with no handicap given

‘he was a scratch player at many courses’;

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